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Shell & Tube
Heat Exchanger.

A Shell and Tube is the most common type of heat exchanger used in applications that require higher pressures and temperatures. Consisting of a tube bundle inside a shell, this basic design is heavy duty, rugged and durable. The system is simple, two fluids of different temperatures are circulated through the heat exchanger. One fluid flows through the tubes while another fluid flows over the tubes providing an optimum and efficient heat transfer.

Advantages of a Shell & Tube


Higher pressure and temperature options available


Basic, heavy duty, rugged and durable


Average life is 15-20 years; however it is
not uncommon to be in service for over 30 years


Typically less expensive than other types of
heat exchangers including a plate and frame

Main Components of a Shell & Tube 

Shell & Tube Components
Tube & Bundle Tubes
Tube & Bundle Baffles & Tie Rods
The tubes are typically copper or stainless steel with a ¾" or 5/8" outside diameter, while the remaining components are usually manufactured from milled steel.
Tie rods (circular metal rods) and spacers hold the tube bundle together while holding the baffles in the correct position. The tie rods are fastened into the tube sheet then secured at the farthest baffle. The number of tie rods, baffles and tubes depends on shell diameter and required application.

Applications (Shell & Tube)

Shell & Tube

Food & Beverage

(Breweries, Dairy, Fruit, Vegetable)
UHT Treatment
Reception Thermization
Wort Boiling

Shell & Tube


(Automotive, Mining, Pulp & Paper, Sugar)
Water Heating/Cooling
Heat Recovery
Quench Oil Cooling
Caustic Solution Heating
Shell & Tube


(Biofuels, Nuclear, Renewable Power, Oil & Gas)
Heat Recovery
Quench Coolers
Lubrication Oil Cooling
Corrosive Fluid Heating/Cooling
Crude Oil Heating
Diesel Engine Cooling
Auxiliary Cooling
Shell & Tube

Chemical & Pharmaceutical

(Fertilizers, Petrochemicals, Inorganic Chemicals)
Solvent Heating
Glycol Cooling
Reactor Cooling
Shell & Tube

Commercial HVAC

(Hospitals, Condominiums, Shopping Centers)
Domestic Water Heating
Swimming Pool Heating
Free Cooling
Cooling Tower Isolation
Heat Pump Systems
Heat Recovery
Thermal Storage Systems
Shell & Tube


(Container Vessels, Bulk Carriers, Barges)
Lube Oil Cooling
Auxiliary Power Generation System
Jacket Water Cooling
Central Cooling
Seawater Isolation Exchanger
Engine Oil Cooling
Ventilation Coolers and Heaters

Common Shell & Tube Heat Exchanger Designs

Shell & Tube - Straight Tube - 2 Pass
Shell & Tube - Straight Tube - One pass
Shell & Tube - U-Tube

Potential Issues with a Shell & Tube Heat Exchanger

  1. When vacuum breakers or thermostatic vents are not installed or functional the tube can be sucked in and break.
  2. If the bundle is subjected to temperature extremes (thermal shock), the tubes will develop spiral cracks.
  3. On steam applications, harmonics can occur. This constant vibration can cause the steel
  4. baffles to eventually cut into the copper tubes.
  5. Chemical corrosion resulting from interaction between the heat exchanger and the circulated fluids.
  6. Marine film or coating on tubes such as scale, mud, algae and zebra mussels plugging tubes, this results in higher corrosion and restricts heat flow.
Shell & Tube Issues

Industrial Oil Cooler Cleaning / Cleaning Services

We Clean Industrial Oil Coolers. Oil cooler service across many industries. Oil Cooler clients are provided superior cleaning results.

Oil cooler maintenance in Ontario and beyond

THS is fully equipped to repair and service industrial oil coolers (internal/external) cleaning, flushing and pressure testing. The Oil Cooler Service Centre can overhaul and refurbish your system.

If your oil cooler has failed, we can recore your cooler or supply a replacement.

Failure of an oil cooler can lead to failure of the engine or the component it is designed to cool. An oil cooler is a heat exchanger which is responsible for cooling your equipment's oil. It removes excess heat by continuously passing through a heat exchanger which is cooled by air or water.

A failing oil cooler can also cause contamination of the cooling system. A THS Service Team can service and pressure test your oil cooler to ensure it is performing at its best.

The oil cooler is a major heat exchanger component for your equipment, removing excess heat from your cooling system. Oil cooler maintenance prevents failure, that can lead to engine failure if left unchecked. THS Oil Cooler Service provides regular servicing and pressure testing of your oil cooler in Ontario

An oil cooler is an essential component of your equipment's cooling system. During operation, it's responsible for regulating the temperature of your equipment's oil.

Industrial equipment often operates in harsh environments. Radiators are subject to damage and premature breakdowns. T.H. Industrial solutions offer cooling solutions to improve the durability and performance of your industrial equipment. We will service, repair, upgrade, and supply new replacement radiators and coolers. Along with custom solutions to fit your specific application.

Innovative products and solutions are available to prolong the life of your radiators, such as solder coating, Shield cores, dummy rows, corrosion resistant paints, and tank upgrades. THS Service experience in the industrial sector is here to help you.


  1. When vacuum breakers or thermostatic vents are not installed or functional the tube can be sucked in and break.

  2. If the bundle is subjected to temperature extremes, (thermal shock), the tubes will develop spiral cracks.

  3. On steam applications, harmonics can occur. This constant vibration can cause the steel baffles to eventually cut into the copper tubes.

  4. Chemical corrosion resulting from interaction between the heat exchanger and the circulated fluids.

  5. this results in higher corrosion and restricts heat flow

Universal Heat Transfer Products (UHTP), a division of T.H. Industrial Solutions Inc. (THS) has been servicing industrial plate and frame heat exchangers as with shell and tube heat exchangers.  Professionally solving process problems across Canada since 2009. THS head office is located in Pickering, Ontario with a 6,000 square foot service center in Hamilton, Ontario.

Our Heat Exchanger Cleaning Services, along with heat exchanger gasket replacement systems, and knowledge of heat exchanger gasket materials make THS your Industrial Heat Exchanger Service Solution

Today there are fewer qualified people in this industry that know the products and understand the applications. Utilizing hands on experience and knowledge that has been gained by our THS sales and service technicians for over the past 30 years, we will take the time to understand what you require and strive to provide a prompt, educated and accurate response at a competitive price.


Universal Heat Transfer Products Logo

1550 Bayly Street, Unit 15
Pickering, ON L1W 3W1

T 905 831-4963


76 Harlowe Road, Unit 5, 6 & 7
Hamilton, ON L8W 3R6

T 905 318-0777
F 905-318-8422


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